The Electronic Logging Device (ELD) mandate applies to the majority of commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers who are currently required to maintain records of duty status (RODS). The Federal Motor Carrier Association (FMCSA) estimates the mandate will impact over 3 million trucks and 3.5 million drivers.
ELD Mandate Exemptions
Although the majority of drivers are impacted by this mandate, the FMCSA has allowed for a few exemptions. We are regularly being asked questions about exemptions during our webinars and on social media, so we wanted to shed some more light on who is exempt.
Exemption 1: Drivers who are not required to keep records of duty status (RODS)
If you’re not currently keeping RODS, you don’t need to run an ELD. Short haul drivers, following the HOS rules, would
not need to run an ELD..unless they run outside of the short haul classification.
Exemption 2: Drivers who keep RODS no more than 8-days during a 30-day period
This one is pretty straight-forward. If you’re logging for less than 8-days during a 30-day period, you don’t need to run an ELD. Remember - this is a rolling window of 30 consecutive days, not within a specific month. This would apply for short haul drivers who would occasionally drive outside of the exemption radius.
Exemption 3: Driveaway-towaway operations
If you’re a driver for a driveaway-towaway operation and the commercial motor vehicle (CMV) being driven is part of the shipment (empty vehicle for sale, lease or repair), then you are not required to use an ELD.
Exemption 4: Drivers of vehicles manufactured before model year 2000
If you’re driving a CMV with a model year dated before 2000 (1999 and earlier) based on the vehicle identification number (VIN), you do not need to use an ELD. Why? Many vehicles manufactured before 2000 do not have an electronic control module (ECM). ECMs are used to control engine performance, fuel efficiency, and emissions. An ECM provides the ELD with the data needed to comply with the mandate requirements.
But what about glider kits? A glider kit is essentially a new truck ordered from the factory without an engine or transmission. A rebuilt or remanufactured engine and transmission are then added to complete the truck. The ELD mandate applies to the vehicle model year, not the year of the engine. You can find the vehicle model year by looking at the last four digits of the VIN.
Important Things to Remember
- You still have to follow HOS rules if your exempt from the ELD mandate
The exemptions above relate specifically to the ELD mandate...you still need to comply with the hours of service (HOS) rules and keep simplified records (if required).
- You can still run an ELD if you’re exempt from the ELD mandate
If you’re exempt, you’re not prohibited from running an ELD. In fact, many exempt fleets and drivers are opting to use ELDs because of the many benefits that they offer including reduced paperwork, improved accuracy, ability to maintain/improve CSA scores, and overall simplicity.
Get on the Path to Compliance with BigRoad
Our solutions make the lives of fleets and drivers easier, not harder! Whether you're looking to get off paper logs or want to become fully ELD compliant, BigRoad’s got your back! Start a free trial of the BigRoad Mobile App to simplify your hours of service (HOS) reporting or build a better fleet with a free 30-day trial of the BigRoad Web App. If you're interested in transitioning to an ELD, check out a live demo of DashLink.